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A plank cut into four, assembled into a square and rounded.

Structura is an artisanal furniture building system (or principle) based on simple, intuitive structures (often) realised by peasants with available material – paired with Japanese construction details.
The structure consists of horizontal and vertical slats fixed in only one point: the vertical board inserted between the horizontal slats prevents the vertical slats from hanging down (rotation).
Each element – board, slat, wedge – is indispensable for the construction respectively for its stability: the vertical boards support the horizontal slats and the horizontal boards – the wedges fix the vertical boards and counterbalance the shrinking or swelling of the vertical boards.

Active Shoe is a research project questioning the production method of a shoe: a 3D printer extrudes a line of plastic on a stretched fabric. The translucent, lightweight, and malleable properties of textiles have been utilized for centuries in apparel design. The Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is utilized in a minimal, reduced way to structure the fabric. By printing material of different layer thicknesses onto stretched textiles, we are able to create self-transforming structures that reconfigure into pre-programmed shapes. The 2D pattern «jumps» after cutting into a 3D shoe. Our research demonstrates a new method for utilizing textiles that can take advantage of their unique properties such as translucence, lightweight and malleability while reducing the complexity of forming processes. The FDM allows for different materials to be extruded with different properties to create simultaneously comfort and stability. Printing one shoe to fit every foot is a foreseeable scenario. Imagine using active materials to produce one-size-fits-all shoes, adaptive fit, and self-forming manufacturing processes. This technique would radically transform the production of footwear forever.